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Samskara, Made in India © 2014 Anshika Varma

Housing

Full Fill Homes

In response to the growing homelessness and concerns about affordability, not only in economic but also in environmental terms, Full Fill Homes are envisioned as speedy and affordable housing units that have low environmental impact, using a combination of sophisticated and low-tech.

Built using specially designed modules of prefabricated ferrocement hollow block units, full fill homes can be assembled on the site in 6 days including foundation. The voids created inside the blocks are designed to efficiently accommodate all storage needs of the resident, from clothes to books to kitchen utensils, even the kitchen sink itself, and other personal belongings so that all furniture becomes redundant. The void of the house can remain empty of furniture, and therefore achieve more space while saving the additional cost and time involved in furnishing homes. Small spaces are often burdened by the way furniture occupies them. On the other hand, the voids that are originally created to give strength to thin ferrocement elements, through their folded form, are ergonomically designed and efficiently sized to accommodate the specific belongings of the owner to make small spaces smart, and using the thick container walls to their full capacity, to be filled by the residents. There is a place for everything in the walls and the space of the room is thereby liberated and empty for the free occupation of the user.

The 25 mm thick ferrocement elements involve chicken mesh, welded mesh and small diameter steel reinforcement, significantly reducing the quantities of high-embodied-energy materials used in the construction. Blocks are produced in the backyards of masons homes to provide them with additional income, rather than in factories, thereby reducing costs while helping local economy. A range of window, doors, roof elements and other necessary building components are all produced in ferrocement excluding any complex hardware in their design.

The voids in the walls that can be colonised by the user, are emphasised, rather than the walls themselves, through the use of the happy colours.

Affordablility is due to efficiency and inclusivity. The design is suitable for all, not only the poor. These homes can be used as immediate shelters necessary in farm house plots in remote areas, disaster relief homes, youth hostels, student housing, as well as guest houses in environmentally sensitive locations. The houses can be dismantled equally simply in a day.

This prototype was produced in Bharatipuram, Auroville, and installed at the 57th Annual National Association of Students of Architecture at MIDAS Chennai for testing the design in full-scale.

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57th NASA Convention, Chennai, India.

With the support of Universidad Camilo José Cela (UCJC), Madrid, Spain.

2015

In collaboration with: National Association of Schools of Architecture (NASA India) and Marg Institute of Design and Architecture Swarnabhoomi (MIDAS)

Project Team: Anupama Kundoo, Alba Balmaseda, Sebastiano Giannesini, Yashoda Joshi, Sekkar Sokkalingam and Sonali Phadnis.

Structural Engineer: Venkata Rangarao.

UCJC Students: Julia Garrido, Juan Antonio Isidro, Mercedes Sánchez and Francisco Salvá.

Craftsmen Team: Muthu Lingam, Mani Kandem , Peryasamy , Seran , Raja Tamil Selvi, Prakash, Suresh, Muthuvel, Parthipan, Iyyapan and Sathish.

Local Volunteers: Asha Nachimuthu , Arun Prabhu N G, Keerthana Subramaniam , Karthiga, Samyukthaa Natrajan and Sivasidhambaran.